How does the tanning process work?

There are three components that make the tanning process work. UVB starts the tanning process by stimulating the tanning cells (melanocytes) to produce melanosomes, which contain melanin (pigment). UVA darkens the melanin that has been produced, but before that can happen, melanin needs a certain amount of oxygen to facilitate the work that UVA performs. The third component, oxygen, comes from blood vessels beneath the skin and outside the skin. Of course, you will want to explain to your customers that the tanning process can be optimized through the use of professional tanning lotions that contain nutrients for your tanning cells. For those who seem to develop a tan rather slowly and become impatient, you may be able to build their confidence in the tanning process by explaining that a single tanning session can potentially take anywhere from three to ten days to fully mature. This is called DPD or Delayed Pigment Darkening.
Your body needs three things in order to build a tan: UVB, UVA, and oxygen. Without oxygen, tanning does not occur. In the initial phase of tanning, oxygen comes from the blood stream rather than from outside the skin. The theory behind lotions that make your skin heat up and tingle is that if they can temporarily build the level of surface blood flow during the tanning process, a person should be able to notice greater results because of the enhanced oxygenation.

How do I prevent “raccoon eyes?”

Adjusting the protective eyewear occasionally during a tanning session will help to minimize this condition.
When can a person shower in relation to a tan, before or after, and how much time should a person wait between showering and tanning?
There’s no problem with showering just prior to tanning because it clears the skin of any potential barriers that might hinder the tan. Applying a tanning lotion right after a shower will help the lotion absorb more readily into the skin & prepare it for the tan. The exception is with lotions that make your skin heat up & tingle, proximity to the tanning session time is a little more critical with those lotions.  Ideally, a person should probably wait a few hours after tanning to take a shower. The reason is that skin takes awhile to process the light that it has received, into a tan. Taking a shower right after a tan won’t eliminate the tan altogether, but it will minimize the total impact of that idividual session.

Benefits of Oxygen:

Provides energy

Calms the mind and stabilizes the nervous system

Sharpens concentration, alertness, and memory

Detoxifies the blood and improves the immune system

Promotes healing and counters aging

Strengthens the heart, which reduces the risk of heart attacks

Speeds up the body's recovery after physical exertion

Provides a natural remedy for headaches, migraines and hangovers

Relieves temporary altitude discomfort and jetlag

Improves digestion and cell metabolism

Relieves muscle stiffness and supports pre-athletic performance

Lessens fatigue and creates better sleep patterns